Young & Obese

Tuesday, May 13th, 2014 | In Lifestyle | Tags: , ,

Young & Obese
~ Young & Obese ~

Fat children who get help early see a slimmer future. Weight-loss programmes can help even very young children slim down and it appears that acting early may improve the odds of success, according to two European studies. Excessive pounds in childhood often stay into adulthood, where they have been linked to heart disease, diabetes and other health problems. In one study, which appeared in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, scientists in the Netherlands found that heavy three to five year olds saw continued benefits from a weight-loss intervention at least several months after it ended.

A report from Sweden showed that overweight and obese children under 10 were much more likely to have slower weight gain than were adolescents getting similar behavioral treatments. What they are showing is a pretty consistent trend that if we were to intervene early, we could really have an effect on changing the trajectory of weight gain in children. There is mounting evidence that paying attention to young children may be a promising way to stem the global obesity epidemic.

The Dutch researchers studies 75 heavy children who had been randomly assigned to either usual care or an intensive weight-loss programme that lasted four months and involved 25 sessions with dietary advice, exercise and for the parents behavioral counseling. A year after the study began, children in the intervention group had gained 1.9kg on average and those who got usual care had added another 3kg.

While that difference could have been due to chance, there was a statically reliable difference in Body Mass Index (BMI), a measure of height in relation to weight. Children in the intervention group went down one unit in BMI, while the others saw no change.

The magnitude of the effect, especially initially after the intervention, was not very large, but what needs to be taken into account was that these children were growing. What these interventions are showing is that you can have an effect and hopefully, these interventions are changing the trajectory these children were headed towards.

It is possible that the children between 14 and 16, who saw no or little effect of the behavioral treatment, could have been particularly tough cases. Still, there is good evidence that heavy children who start weight-loss programmes early have an easier time slimming down.

Information via Reuters.


 



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